pa_amur_a

Frequently-asked questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
pa_amur_a

Abstract:
Protected Areas in Amur River basin (Polygon layer). Scale 1:100000 - 1:1000000)
Layer presents data on legally protected natural areas ( see PA TYPE in attribute table)  and known areas where such protection is planned by governments or proposed by  authoritative expert organizations.
Layer contains polygons indicationg location of protected areas or indiviual clusters  of multiple-cluster protected areas.
Layer distibguishes different management zones of protected areas ( in Russia and Mongolia) when such information was available.
Any given protected area or a cluster/zone thereof is also reflected as a point in corresponding shapefile pa_amur_p   dataset  is represented by centroid point of that polygon. 
The layer covers Amur River Basin and adjacent regions within standard dataframe used by WWF Amur Branch. 

This layer developed by compilation from multiple datasets produced by several organizations and updated with additional information on individual PAs derived from various documents and maps.
Associated attribute information covers wide spectrum of  data: area, administrative jurisdiction, type of legal protection, type of protected natural objects, year of establishment, international nominations, availability of PA shape in polygon layer, source and originator of record, etc. Information is incomplete and is constantly updated. We recommend to use this layer in conjunction with polygon layer pa_amur_p, which contains known locations for all protected areas  from the same dataset (centroid points) and approximate location of other PAs.

Все известные созданные  и планируемые на январь 2008 охраняемые законом природные территории в пределах Ам Бассейна и прилежаших областях.
Объекты представлены точками в центральной части резервата.
Слой составлен на основе нескольких источников разной точности с добавлением вновь созданых ООПТ.
Слой имеет достаточно подробную атрибутивную информацию:
Тип согласно режиму охраны природного резервата, площадь, год создания, принадлежность к региону, автора создания объекта на карте, иногда - объект охраны и т.д.

  1. How should this data set be cited?

    Eugene Egidarev, Eugene Simonov, 2008, pa_amur_a.

    Online links:
    This is part of the following larger work:

    Eugene Simonov, Tom Dahmer, February 2008, Amur Basin River Reader: Published by Ecosystems Ltd, Hong-Kong, China..

    Other citation details:
    Copyright by authors, WWF and Ecosystems Ltd. Map Copyright by E.Egidarev, A.Purekhovsky, E.Simonov.

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    Bounding coordinates:
    West: 94.287154
    East: 147.202209
    North: 60.250965
    South: 39.772110

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning date: 30.01.1999
    Beginning time: unknown
    Ending date: 30.01.2008
    Currentness reference:
    ground condition

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

    Geospatial data presentation form: vector digital data

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

      This is a Vector data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • G-polygon (437)

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.000000. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.000000. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees.

      The horizontal datum used is D_WGS_1984.
      The ellipsoid used is WGS_1984.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257224.

  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    pa_amur_a
    locations of Protected areas
    (Source:
    from documents and maps
    )

    FID
    Internal feature number.
    (Source:
    ESRI
    )

    Shape
    Feature geometry.
    (Source:
    ESRI
    )

    Coordinates defining the features.

    NAME_E
    Name of protected area in English
    (Source:
    transliteration by author, and from sources
    )

    TYPE_NUM
    Type of protected area management expressed by figures:  first  integer  -strictness of legal protection (descending 1-4: strict(1) -serious limitations(2) --moderate limitations (3) --minimal limitations (4)) , second integer - ability of management agency to enforce protection regime (descending 1-4:  largely effective enforcement by staff based in the field(1), non-effective enforcement by staff based in the field (2), enforcement by periodic inspections from afar (3), no enforcement activities (4) )/ third integer  indicates whether data derived from  average knoledge on PA type and management agency  (0) or from knowledge on specific protected area (1)
    (Source:
    Type of PA,  data from specific PAs
    )

    Frequency of measurement: As needed

    Value Definition
    110
    strict legal protection/ largely fully enforced by field-staff of management unit/typical situation for this PA type
    210
    serious legal limitations on land use/ largely enforced by field staff/ typical for this PA  type
    211
    serious legal limitations on land use/largely enforced by field staff/site specific information (best if  info source referenced)
    340
    minimal legal protection/ no enforcement in the field/ typical of this PA type

    TYPE_E
    Type of protected area
    (Source:
    legal documents and sources
    )

    Value Definition
    Zapovednik (Strict Scientific Nature Reseve)
    in Russia,  default for TYPE_NUM_110
    Zapovednik buffer zone
    in Russia, default for TYPE_NUM 210
    National Park
    in Russia, default for TYPE_NUM 210
    National Wildlife Refuge
    Russia, default for TYPE_NUM 220
    Nature Park
    in Russia, default for TYPE_NUM 220
    Provincial Wildlife Refuge
    in Russia, default for TYPE_NUM 230
    Provincial Wildlife Refuge buffer zone
    Amurskaya oblast in Russia, default for TYPE_NUM 330
    Wetland
    Amurskaya oblast in Russia, default for TYPE_NUM 230
    Ecological corridor
    Khabarovsky krai in Russia, default for TYPE_NUM 330
    Sanitary protection zone
    Primorsky krai in Russia, default for TYPE_NUM 330
    Pine-nut production groves
    Primorsky krai in Russia, default for TYPE_NUM 230
    National Nature Reserve
    in China, default for TYPE_NUM 220
    Provincial Nature Reserve
    in China, default for TYPE_NUM 230
    Prefecture Nature Reserve
    in China, default for TYPE_NUM 240
    County Nature Reserve
    in China, default for TYPE_NUM 240
    Strictly Protected Area - Mongolia
    in Mongolia, default for TYPE_NUM 220
    Strictly Protected Area (buffer zone) - Mongolia
    in Mongolia, 430
    National Park - Mongolia
    in Mongolia, default for TYPE_NUM 320
    Nature Reserve - Mongolia
    in Mongolia, default for TYPE_NUM 230
    Natural Monument - Mongolia
    in Mongolia, default for TYPE_NUM -unknown

    COUNTRY
    Name of Country (in English)

    PROVINCE_E
    Name of Province (in English)

    STATUS
    Status of Protected area
    (Source:
    legal documents and maps
    )

    Value Definition
    Unknown
    Insufficient or unreliable data
    Existing
    Existing PA without known changes in area and status
    Reduced
    Existing PA which area was reduced after 2000
    Gov plan exp
    Existing PA planned for expansion by government
    Prop exp
    Existing PA, expansion proposed by experts
    Prop up
    PA, reclassification/upgrade proposed by experts
    Gov plan
    PA listed in governmental plans
    Prop new
    PA proposed by experts
    Prop reduce
    PA area reduction our downgrading  proposed by some agency/group
    Abolished
    Previously gazetted PA abolished by authorities after 2000
    Merged (annexed)
    Previously gazetted PA merged with other PA aftr 2000
    other
    special case

    EXIST
    Existence of protected area -simplified STATUS
    (Source:
    legal documents  and maps
    )

    Value Definition
    0
    insufficient information  - although sources mention this PA, but we cannot determine its present status  and/or doubt  it
    1
    Existing - sources make us believe that PA is already legally gazetted
    2
    planned - sources make us believe that this area was proposed or planned for protection but not legally protected yet
    3
    ceased to exist - this area was abolished as individial PA or was merged with other  areas to form new PA in recent past.

    YEAR
    Year of established protected area: year of gazetting or most recent upgrade of PA status. In case we know other dates from other sources it is mentioned in Annotation
    (Source:
    legal documents and maps
    )

    Frequency of measurement: As needed

    AREA
    area of protected area (in hectares ) - calculated based on pa_amur-a layer for those  PAs which shapes  are known and then  exported into this layer, all other PAs marked with 0.
    (Source:
    calculated by software
    )

    AREA_DOC
    area of protected area  (in hectares) - figure taken from most  trustworthy (or recent) official source. In case  different figures  known from other sources they are  listed in annotation. 0-represents lack of data.
    (Source:
    legal documents
    )

    INTL
    international nominations - all international  lists of important areas which relate to this PA or list area fully or partially  coinciding with it . When  PA is listed in several nominations, their codes divided by commas.
    (Source:
    legal documents
    )

    Value Definition
    MAB
    Biosphere reserve -member of UNESCO Man and Biosphere Programme
    WET
    Wetland of international importance - listed under Ramsar Convention
    IBA
    Important Bird Area - listed by Birdlife International
    WH
    World Heritage Site - listed under UNESCO World Heritage Convention as World Heritage Site under  "Natural" or "Natural and Cultural"  category

    AGENCY_NUM
    Managing Agency  - agency to which PA is immediately subordinate coded by  figure representing managing agency

    Value Definition
    1
    State Environmental Protection Agency _China
    2
    Ministry of Land Resources_China
    3
    Ministry of Land Resources (or Geology)_China
    8
    State Oceanic Administration_China
    7
    Ministry of Agriculture_China
    9
    other agencies_China
    11
    Ministry of Water Resources_China
    5
    Forestry Agency_China
    15
    Forest Industry Bureau_Inner Mongolia
    25
    Forest Industry Bureau_Heilongjiang
    35
    Forest Industry Bureau_Great Hinggan
    26
    Khan Hentii (+Gokhi Tereldj )Administration of Protected Areas, Ministry of Nature and Environment -MONE, Ulan Baatar
    27
    Nomrog Administration of Protected Areas, Ministry of Nature and Environment -MONE
    28
    28) Onon Balj Administration of Protected Areas, Ministry of Nature and Environment -MONE, Dadal
    29
    Dornod Administration of Protected Areas, Ministry of Nature and Environment -MONE

    OBJECT
    Object of Protection - principal natural feature  for which protection is established.  Traditional  incosistent lists  of definitions defined for certain PA types in Russia and China  Usually  important  natural features present in larger PAs  are not limited only by this definition.
    (Source:
    legal documents and listings
    )

    Archaeological

    Astronomical and geomorphological

    Biological

    Botanical

    Complex

    Dendrological

    Forest

    Forest park

    Geological

    Grassland

    Hydrological

    Ikhtiological

    Ichtyological

    Marine

    Mineral spring

    Ornitological

    Paleontological

    Plant

    Recreation and health-improving

    Speleological and botanical

    Unknown

    Wetland

    Zoological

    Value Definition
    0
    usually object not defined in documentation for this PA type. For Strict  Scientific Nature reserves, national Parks, and other high-level PAs this means that they are intended for holistic protection of  all ecosystem components

    SOURCE
    Source of information on protected area location (name of layer, document or map)

    ACCURACY
    Accuracy  of information about PA location.  All other details on accuracy  recorded in annotation.

    ANNOTATION
    Field for internal use by authors. Supplemental information on PA. Also includes all  notes on  alternative data and accuracy of information

    NUM
    Number

    TYPE_NL
    Type of protected area ( identical to "Type _E")  in native language (Russian, Chinese or Mongolian)
    (Source:
    legal documents  and maps
    )

    OTHER_NAME
    Other name(s) of PA found in documents and maps

    NAME_R
    Name of protected area (in Russian)

    NAME_M
    Name of protected area (in Mongolian)

    NAME_C
    Name of protected area (in Chinese characters)

    PROV_NL
    Name of Province in native language (Russian, Chinese or Mongolian)

    LAYER
    Field for internal use. Name of source Layer for PA location data

    EDITOR
    Name of originator of record

    CODE
    special field to compare Data

    BASIN
    PA location within (1) or outside(0) of Amur River basin

    Value Definition
    1
    in Amur basin
    0
    out of Amur basin

    CHANGE
    Describtion about new change in data

    SEPA_2006_
    PA Number in SEPA list of China Nature Reserves (2005 data) .  Each province has separate  numbering starting from 1.  Absence in this listing means it is not captured by SEPA national statistics

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Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)


  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    WWF Russia amur Branch. E.Egidarev, E.Simonov

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    Eugene Egidarev, Eugene Simonov
    WWF , Amur Branch
    Russia Vladivostok
    18a, Verkhneportovaya St.
    Vladivostok, Primorskii krai 690003
    Russia

    +7 9242311633 (voice)
    +7 4232 414863 (FAX)
    Egidarev@wwfrfe.ru
    eugene simonov <esimonovster@gmail.com>
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Why was the data set created?

To show all Protected Areas in Amur River basin with detailed attribute information.
To inventory and analyse all Protected Areas in Amur River basin and immediate vicinity.

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How was the data set created?

  1. Where did the data come from?

    OOPT Khabarovsk (source 1 of 8)

    DalGeoInform, Grankin, Ivolgin, 2006, OOPT Khabarovskogo kraya (Protected areas of Khabarovskii province) in Russian.

    Type of source media: Shapefile
    Source scale denominator: 1000000
    Source contribution:
    Only a few object in Khabarovsky krai

    OOPT Primorie (source 2 of 8)

    Bersen'ev Yurii, Primorskii GUPR, 2006, OOPT of Primorskogo kraiya.

    Other citation details:
    only 2 object succeeded from map. everything else was digitized in WWF Amur Branch.

    Type of source media: Shapefile
    Source scale denominator: 200000
    Source contribution:
    Primorskii GUPR

    OOPT Chita (source 3 of 8)

    Kushnarev Igor, Institute of natural resource of ecology and cryology Russian Academy of Sclence, 2006, OOPT Chitinskoi oblasti.

    Type of source media: Shapefile
    Source scale denominator: 200000
    Source contribution:
    Only Chitinskaya oblast in Amur basin

    OOPT Amur (source 4 of 8)

    Egidarev Eugene, Otroshko Vyacheslav, Amur Socio-Ecological Union, 2002, OOPT Amurskoi oblasti.

    Type of source media: Shapefile
    Source scale denominator: 200000
    Source contribution:
    Only Amurskaya oblast

    OOPT EAO (source 5 of 8)

    GUPR of Jewish Autonomous Region, 2005, OOPT of Evreiskoi autonomoi oblasti.

    Type of source media: Shapefile
    Source scale denominator: 200000
    Source contribution:
    Only Jewish Autonomous Region

    OOPT Russia (source 6 of 8)

    Maxim Dubinin, Biodiversity conservation center, 2006, OOPT Russia.

    Type of source media: Shapefile
    Source scale denominator: 200000
    Source contribution:
    Only Federal Protected Areas in Russia

    WDPA 2005 (source 7 of 8)

    Center for Applied Biodiversity Science (CABS), United Nations Environment Programme-World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), 2005, World Database on Protected Areas.

    Online links:
    Type of source media: CD-ROM
    Source scale denominator: 1000000
    Source contribution:
    WDPA 2005 contains a special version of the World Database on Protected Areas. This version is a snapshot of the central database maintained at UNEP - World Conservation monitoring Center that has been modified for facilitating its use with the tools provided or with general purposes GIS systems. With the exception of one protected area layer (see "WDPA Data Layers section and note on the regional polygon dataset) all information in the central database can be found in this CD-ROM. The changes to the data structure (explained in the section on Metadata and Data Preparation) have for objective to optimize the database space requirements and to ease access to all the data available for each protected area.
    
    The contents of each of the layers as well as the structure of each table and field definitions are presented in the WDPA Data Layers section. A detailed list of updates performed on the database since WDPA 2004 can be found in the "Changes..." section. Finally, as there is frequent mention and use of the IUCN Protected Areas categories and of the WCPA Regions as defined by the World Commission on Protected Areas, we have devoted 2 sections for this information.

    china masterplan (source 8 of 8)

    masterplan.

    Type of source media: shapefile
    Source scale denominator: 1000000

  2. What changes have been made?

    Date: 2005 (change 1 of 5)
    Collected all polygon layer from various sources.
    Process data and improve objects. Added new objects for newly created protected areas.

    Person responsible for change:
    Egidarev Eugene
    WWF
    Egidarev@wwfrfe.ru

    Data sources used in this process:
    • OOPT Primorye
    • OOPT Khabarovsk
    • OOPT Amur
    • OOPT EAO
    • OOPT Chita
    • OOPT Russia
    • WDPA 2005
    • masterplan

    Date: 2005 (change 2 of 5)
    Unification of atribute table from all obtained layers.

    Person responsible for change:
    Egidarev Eugene
    WWF

    Data sources used in this process:
    • OOPT Khabarovsk
    • OOPT Primorie
    • OOPT Amur
    • OOPT EAO
    • OOPT Chita
    • OOPT Russia
    • WDPA 2005
    • masterplan

    Date: 2005 (change 3 of 5)
    Merge all derived layers

    Person responsible for change:
    Egidarev Eugene
    WWF

    Data sources used in this process:
    • OOPT Khabarovsk
    • OOPT Primorye
    • OOPT Amur
    • OOPT EAO
    • OOPT Chita
    • OOPT Russia
    • WDPA 2005
    • masterplan

    Data sources produced in this process:
    • PA_rus_amur_p

    Date: 2005 (change 4 of 5)
    Convert from polygon to point layer.

    Data sources used in this process:
    • OOPT Rus
    • WDPA 2005

    (change 5 of 5)
    Metadata imported.

    Data sources used in this process:
    • D:\project\Amur_book\GIS_DATA\OOPT\Pa_amur_p.shp.xml

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How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

    Accuracy varies across regions and PA types, is normally higher for higher -level reserves and lower for local reserves. It is much higher for  Russia, and the lowest for China, where different source databases contain alternative data for the same PAs.
    
    Important  inconsistensies on particular PAs are recorded in Annotation field.

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

    Data on location of different types of PAs in different countries have very different precision. Presize locations are given for  PAs present in complementary polygon layer "pa_amur_a" . All other locations  have different precision depending on data source. In Russia the least reliable data is on nature monuments derived from point shapefiles, while all other PAs (and small fraction of nature monuments) have corresponding data in polygon files.Poorest accuracy is expected for local -level PAs in China. Data accuracy assessment reflected in "accuracy" and "annotation" columns of attribute table.
    Location of planned PAs is much less precise than of those gazetted.
    Data  on reserves outside of Amur River basin, except for  Amur Basin provinces of Russia, Jilin  and Heilongjiang provinces of China has not been systematically checked and presented only for demonstration purposes.
    Standard data for gazetted PAs in Mongolia  follows WCVC database without any adjustment.

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

    Status as of Jan 2008.
    
    Dataset contains data  on over 90% of protected areas of specified types gazetted in each country within Amur River Basin. 
    
    Since  information availability is uneven across the region some complex protected areas, especially in China   are represented only by one point. Functional zoning of  PAs in China  (core-buffer-experimental) usually not reflected.  
    Small number of protected areas in China are represented by two and more points due two different names in different databases and unclear location.
    
    Many attribute filelds are still not filled due to lack of consistent information.

  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    Each polygon presents a single protected area, but when information is available - each separate cluster of protected area with specific management regime.

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How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access constraints: Permission WWF Amur Branch
Use constraints:
Free, when using reference to authors required.

Distributor 1 of 1

  1. Who distributes the data set?

    WWF Amur Branch
    18a, Verkhneportovaya St.
    Vladivostok, Primorskii krai 690003
    Russia

  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Downloadable Data

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    Permission WWF Russia, Amur Branch

  4. How can I download or order the data?

    • Availability in digital form:


    • Data format:
      Size: 3.114

  5. Is there some other way to get the data?

  6. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?

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Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 20080321

Metadata author:
Egidarev Eugene
WWF Russia, Amur Branch
Russia, Vladivostok
18a Verkhneportovaya str
Vladivostok, Primorskii krai 690003
Russia

REQUIRED: The telephone number by which individuals can speak to the organization or individual. (voice)
+79242311633 (voice)

Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

Metadata extensions used:
  • http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html

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