All chapters:



Waters and water management

Ecosystems and ecoregions

Species diversity and use of biological resources

Nature conservation: econet and protected areas

Countries & cultures


Land use

International policy

Boreal Taiga Forests
Related maps, pictures, links

The Siberian boreal forest is the largest tract of unbroken forest in the world.  Several boreal eco-regions expand into the Amur-Heilong River basin.  The large tract found in the northern Amur River basin is just a small portion of the boreal forest of Siberia as a whole.  The cold temperatures that create permafrost and seasonal droughts favor coniferous forests of larch, spruce, fir, and pine.  Intact fir forests are the primary habitat of musk deer and the only home for the endangered Siberian spruce grouse. Russia's largest populations of brown bears, moose, wolves, reindeer, and other boreal mammals inhabit these forests.
Given its size and inhospitable environment, most of boreal forest has experienced relatively low levels of human influence.  Therefore, we still can identify “intact forest landscapes” – tracks of pristine wilderness of 50 000 hectares or more in size (See Map on Forest cover change).  


Okhotsk Taiga. Photo by E.Egidarev



Amur-Heilong on the Globe

Topography of Amur Heilong River basin



Introductory tour of Amur basin


GIS: Amur-Heilong Natural  Heritage


Thick bed of mosses and lichens cover forest floor. Stanovoy Mountains. (Photo by E.Egidarev)


Full contents
Full digest
Full atlas
All pictures