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Rare cranes and storks and climate change in Middle Amur
Related maps, pictures, links

Figure: Precipitation correlated with numbers of breeding pairs of storks and cranes:

Green line - Fall precipitation trend (mm), Red line -- number of Stork breeding pairs,

Orange line - Number of crane breeding pairs.

In the Khingansky Zapovednik (Amurskaya Province, Russia) prolonged drought has been shown to negatively affect reproductive success of Oriental White Stork, and population numbers of White-naped Cranes, Red-crowned Cranes, and other waterbirds.  Their reproductive success in the wild depends on water supply to the breeding areas during nesting and brood-rearing because cranes and storks feed mostly on aquatic organisms.  Declining numbers of frogs and loaches (small fish) are results of low water levels in rivers and streams.  The breeding success of cranes and storks in spring and summer is determined by water retained in streams and soils from the previous autumn (wet season).  There has been a trend of decreasing annual and autumn precipitation during last 10-15 years.  Since 1936, there have been three droughts of six to seven years each and one continuing drought for the past seven years.  This will ultimately threaten the populations of cranes and storks as climate change progresses. (After Parilov, Kastrikin, Ignatenko)

Map collection:

Climate, waters and water management



Red-crowned crane

White-naped crane

Oriental White Stork

Precipitation in Amur River Basin (from Lasserre 2003)



Amur climate




Stork chicks. Sanjiang. (Photo by Guo Yumin)

Also look:

Amur climate

Precipitation in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Temperature in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Climate fluctuations, floods and droughts in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Great Bustard and White-naped Crane response to climate cycles in Dauria

Global climate change predictions and signs in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Ecosystem response to climate change in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Socio-economic response to climate change in Amur-Heilong River Basin


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