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Ecosystems and ecoregions
Taiga Forests in Amur-Heilong River Basin
Related maps, pictures, links

The Siberian boreal forest is the largest tract of unbroken forest in the world.  Several boreal eco-regions expand into the Amur-Heilong River basin.  The large tract found in the northern Amur River basin is just a small portion of the boreal forest of Siberia as a whole.  The cold temperatures that create permafrost and seasonal droughts favor coniferous forests of larch, spruce, fir, and pine.  This is the world's largest remaining wilderness and a place that provides a secure home for many species of plants and animals.  Russia's largest populations of brown bears, moose, wolves, reindeer, and other boreal mammals inhabit these forests.
East Siberian Taiga and Trans-Baikal Coniferous Forest eco-regions, each in its own way, present extreme climatic conditions, while two additional forest eco-regions in the boreal zone (Da Xing’an/Great Hingan-Dzhagdy Mountains and Okhotsk-Manchurian Taiga) differ from the East Siberian taiga mainly because they experience greater influence of the "Manchurian/Daurian" biota to the south and are located in a somewhat warmer climate zone.
Given its size and inhospitable environment, most of boreal forest has experienced relatively low levels of human influence.  Therefore, we still can identify “intact forest landscapes” – tracks of pristine wilderness of 50 000 hectares or more in size (See Map on Forest cover change).  However, extensive coal and gold mining, logging, and oil and gas development are underway in the southern part of the boreal forest.  Large areas of forests have been cut to fuel industrial processes such as metal smelting, paper production or they have been degraded by air pollution and fires.  The region is also threatened by plans for several major hydropower projects in the Amur and Lena River Basins.


Upper Amur (Photo by Yuri Darman)

Map collection: Land cover, ecosystems and ecoregions



Topography of Amur Heilong River Basin

Landuse/Land cover –SPOT satellite imagery

Dominant soil types of Amur River Basin

Vegetation map

Vegetation density

Change in Forest Cover in Amur Heilong River Basin


Floristic zones

Fauna types

Terrestrial ecoregions

Major protected areas of Amur-Heilong


Ecoregions& landscapes photogalleries:

Way to the Ocean.Okhotsk - Manchurian Taiga.

Da Hinggan - Dzhagdy forest ecoregion in Russia.

Stanovoi Range: taiga and tundra


GIS:Soil and vegetation

GIS: Land cover/Land use according to satellite imagery


Also look:

Landscape diversity in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Landscape changes throughout recent geological history

Amur-Heilong River Basin Ecoregional zoning

Global 200 ecoregions in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain Tundra

Tiger forests - Temperate forests:

Global 200 Dauria Steppe:

Global 200 Amur Wetlands:



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