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Ecosystems and ecoregions
Trans-Baikal coniferous forests
Related maps, pictures, links

Trans-Baikal coniferous forest covers only a small area in the northwest Amur-Heilong basin in the Henti-Chikoi Mountain Range (elevation 1,500-2,300 m) and it is sheltered from the influence of Manchurian forests by a wide belt of Daurian grasslands.  These taiga larch-pine forest ecosystems occupy drier mountainous areas adjacent to the Lake Baikal basin where taiga forest abuts and mixes with xeric steppe vegetation.  The north slopes of the ranges are dominated by larch and pine forest.  Southern slopes have steppe vegetation at lower altitudes.  High mountain peaks have sporadic tundra landscapes.  Shrubs and short, bushy trees are dominant vegetation cover in narrow valleys of mountains.  Small bogs feed mountain streams.  Permafrost is distributed over a wide area in the eco-region.
A large portion of the Khentii Mountain Range is located within the Mongolian Khan-Khentii Strictly Protected Area (SPA).  There are over 50 species of mammals, 220 species of birds, and approximately 1,100 species of plants in the protected area, among which several are extremely rare (endangered) species.  Total forest area in the Mongolian basin is 1.4 million ha but in recent years, the forest has suffered wildfire, pest outbreaks, and unregulated logging, which together with climate change are the greatest threats to this ecoregion.  Gold-mining is a grave threat to streams and bogs, especially in Mongolia.
Khan-Khentii Nature Reserve, Onon-Balj National Park in Mongolia and Sokhondinsky Zapovednik in Russia, known collectively as the "Source of the Amur", are proposed for designation as an international protected area between the Trans-Baikal coniferous forest and the northern tip of the Daurian forest-steppe.

Sokhondinsky Zapovednik also includes landscapes typical of Trans-Baikal coniferous forests ecoregion. Photo by WWF-Sokhondinsky Zap.



Map collection: Land cover, ecosystems and ecoregions



Topography of Amur Heilong River Basin

Landuse/Land cover –SPOT satellite imagery

Change in Forest Cover in Amur Heilong River Basin


Terrrestrial ecoregions

Dauria Steppe Global 200 ecoregion

Major protected areas of Amur-Heilong


Ecoregions& landscapes photogalleries:

Daurian steppe

Protected areas in Russia

Protected areas in Mongolia


GIS: Land cover/Land use according to satellite imagery.


Spotted capercaillie. Transbaikal conifer forests. Chitinskaya Province. (Photo by Oleg Korsun)

Also look:

Landscape diversity in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Landscape changes throughout recent geological history

Amur-Heilong River Basin Ecoregional zoning

Boreal forests of Amur-Heilong River Basin:

East Siberian taiga

Trans-Baikal coniferous forests

Da Xing'an-Dzhagdy Mountains coniferous forests

Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga

Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain Tundra

Tiger forests - Temperate forests:

Manchurian mixed forests

Global 200 Dauria Steppe:

Daurian forest steppe

Mongolian-Manchurian grassland

Global 200 Amur Wetlands


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