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Species diversity and use of biological resources
White-naped crane
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The White-naped crane (Grus vipio) prefers drier marshlands than those occupied by its relative, the red-crowned crane.  It is also more tolerant of farmland.  The breeding range of the species includes only the wetlands of the Amur-Heilong River in Mongolia, China, and Russia.  The global population is about 5,500.  White-naped cranes migrate from the Amur-Heilong basin to wintering grounds at Poyang Lake in east-central China, the Korean Peninsula, and Kyushu Island in Japan
White-naped crane is listed in the Russian Red Book and IUCN Redlist as Vulnerable.  Nesting habitats are protected in Khingansky, Khankaisky, and Daursky Zapovedniks, and in many refuges in Russia; in Dalaihu, Huihe, Zhalong, Xinkaihu and other reserves in China; and in Mongol-Daguur, Ugtam, and Onon-Balj protected areas in Mongolia.  Depending on the particular phase of the local climatic cycle, birds regularly move between different breeding areas.  The main threats are grass fires, human disturbance, and conversion of habitats to farmland.


White-naped crane (Photo by Yury Darman)

Map collections:

Species richness

Distribution of charismatic species



Bird migrations

Detailed hydrography of Amur River basin

Wetlands of Amur

Terrestrial ecoregions

Major protected areas of Amur-Heilong

Upper Ussury –Lake Khanka.

Dauria Steppe Global 200 ecoregion



Also look:

Species richness in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Bird migrations

Red-crowned crane

Oriental White Stork,

Siberian Spruce Grouse

Swan Goose

Cranes and storks and climate change in Middle Amur

Great Bustard and White-naped Crane response to climate cycles in Dauria


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