All chapters:



Waters and water management

Ecosystems and ecoregions

Species diversity and use of biological resources

Nature conservation: econet and protected areas

Countries & cultures


Land use

International policy

Nature conservation: econet and protected areas

WWF Vision for the Amur/Heilong
Ecoregional Complex in 2050

Related maps, pictures, links

The natural Amur/Heilong River ecosystem is biologically rich, and is valued by the human population and countries for its natural qualities and processes, which are considered essential for long-term human survival. Sustainable management of the viable river ecosystem is linked to long-term regional strategies of social-economic development. The Amur/Heilong serves as a powerful symbol of cooperation between peoples of the basin, and international environmental programs are major vehicles of such cooperation.

The Amur/Heilong River remains free-flowing and ecological processes function naturally, and Russia, China, and Mongolia collaborate on in Integrated Management Program for the basin. Broad of stakeholders pursue their diverse interests through support for IRBM and value their own participation in its formation and further development. Authorities and stakeholders effectively participate in comprehensive assessments of all major development projects and their impacts on the river ecosystem and future of sustainable development in the Amur/Heilong ecoregion.

A system of protected areas, linked by the Amur/Heilong Green Belt and  managed cooperatively by China, Russia and Mongolia supports unique stop-over areas for millions of waterfowls along the Northeast Asian Flyway. 30 percent of remain wetlands, 20% of broadleaf and 10% of boreal forests are preserved in various types of protected areas, connected by river corridors and stepping stones. Vast areas released from strictly guarded border strips receive management regimes retaining their biodiversity value. Green belt of conservation areas expands from Onon to Nikolaevsk-on-Amur, and from Mudanjiang to Khabarovsk.

Healthy fish populations and secure spawning areas in the Amur/Heilong River Basin are restored and guaranteed in future by sustainable fishing practices, state enforcement of ecologically sound fishing quotas, water conservation, and reduced pollution from large industries. Indigenous people of the basin have secured access to this resource on which their traditional lifestyles depend.

WWF AHEC Programme 2005


Pocket peat bog in Mukhinka pine forest. Amurskaya Province. (Photo by I.Maslova)


Protected areas of Eurasia

Protected areas and human footprint

Global 200 Ecoregions

Freshwater ecoregions

Upper Ussury –Lake Khanka.

Khanka Lake international nature reserve

Small Hinggan transboundary area (Manchurian forests ecoregion)

Dauria Steppe Global 200 ecoregion

Detailed hydrography of Amur River basin

Wetlands of Amur

Human footprint and ecoregions of Amur



Protected areas in Russia

Protected areas in China

Protected areas in Mongolia

Three gorges of the dragon river

Introductory tour of Amur basin

Way to the Ocean.Okhotsk - Manchurian Taiga

Da Hinggan - Dzhagdy forest ecoregion in Russia

Stanovoi Range: taiga and tundra

Ussury forests

Small Hinggan


Daurian steppe

Song-Nen plain

Amur meadows and wetlands – Amur midflow

Khanka Lake and Upper Ussury Wetlands

Lower Amur Wetlands


GIS: Ecological network/ protected areas


Also look:

Protected areas in Amur-Heilong River basin:

Protected areas coverage in Amur River Basin

Protected areas types in Russia, Mongolia, China

Russian protected areas

Mongolian protected areas

China nature reserves

Protected areas planning

Cooperation between nature reserves


Econet-ecological networks:

Conservation along the border

Wetland conservation

Grassland conservation and migratory wildlife

Selected Amur-Heilong protected areass and proposed fields of cooperation (Table)

Major wetland regions of the Amur-Heilong River basin ( Table )

Ecological Network for Amur: The Amur-Heilong Green Belt Concept


Model areas for transboundary conservation:

Dauria international Protected Area-DIPA

Middle Amur –Sanjiang wetlands

Khanka –Ussury wetlands and forests

Small Hinggan Mountains-Three Gorges of Dragon River

Land of the Leopard


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