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Nature conservation: econet and protected areas
Sanjiang-Middle-Amur Plain
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The Sanjiang Plain at Heilongjian Province of China and Middle Amur Plain at Khabarovskii and Evreiskaya Provinces of Russia. Amur Wetlands Global 200 ecoregion. Amur meadow steppe ecoregion – eastern part.

Conservation value
Wetlands of international importance which serves as the nesting area for more than 169 nesting birds, including IUCN 1 category species such as Red-crowned crane (5% of World number) and Oriental white stork (10% of World population). The important stopover for migratory birds on North East Asia flyway (2-3 millions of migrants). The freshwater ecosystems with highest in North Asia biodiversity (130 species of fish, including many species of salmon and sturgeon) and the last breeding habitats for Chinese soft-shell turtle. The only wildness corridor for  many other species between Russia and China across Amur and Ussuri Rivers.

The Tarabarivy islands on the confluence of Amur and Ussuru rivers are threatened with a fast future development. The rapid agricultural development of Sanjian Plain in China leads to converting of last wetlands and forested areas to the rural landscape. The human-made fires lead to degradation of ecosystems and de-forestration of area. The over-harvest of fish leads to extirpation of valuable species of salmon and sturgeon.

Proposed actions:
Develop the Econet as the system of nature protected areas connected by the buffer zone and ecological corridors:

  • connect the Bolshekhekhcirskii nature reserve, Khekhcire wildlife refuge and adjacent Monument of Natures as the system of nature protected areas – 110,000 ha;
  • establish the Podkhorenok wetland refuge in Khabarovskii Province – 15,000 ha;
  • establish the Crane and Stork wildlife refuge in Evreyskaya Province – 20,000 ha;
  • support the Zabelovskii complex refuge as a cluster of Bastak zapovednik in Evreyskaya Province ;
  • support the Bachadao, Honghe and Sanjiang nature reserves in Heilongjian Province;
  • Launch the ecological corridor along the Russian-China border as the buffer zone;
  • include the established wetlands reserves to the North East Asia Crane, Anatidae and Waders Networks;
  • establish the protected zones on turtle breeding beaches and sturgeon spawning sites;
  • sign the Russia-China agreement on establishment of trans-boundary nature reserve network including Bolshehetsirsky;Bastak, Sanjiang, Bachadao, Honghe and other Pas of Amur Meadow-steppe ecoregion.
  • provide the infrastructure support for newly established nature protected areas.

Implement the conservation actions for Oriental white stork, Chinese soft-shell turtle and Kaluga sturgeon:

  • elaborate the Trans-boundary Conservation Action Plans;
  • implement the species conservation strategy to the daily economic activity of local communities;
  • elaborate and implement the program of artificial nesting of stork;
  • support the fire-fighting brigades;
  • involve the boundary guards to control on poaching along the border;
  • Increase the public awareness and local community involvement in making decision:


Boats of local fishermen. Sanjiang NNR. (Photo by Tom Dahmer)


Protected areas of Eurasia

Protected areas and human footprint

Protected areas of Amur-Heilong (all)

Major protected areas of Amur-Heilong

Vegetation map

Terrrestrial ecoregions

Global 200 Ecoregions

Freshwater ecoregions

Upper Ussury –Lake Khanka.

Detailed hydrography of Amur River basin

Wetlands of Amur

Human footprint and ecoregions of Amur

Threats to biodiversity in Southern Russian Far East

Photo:Amur meadows and wetlands – Amur midflow

Protected areas in Russia

Protected areas in China

Protected areas in Mongolia

Three gorges of the dragon river

Introductory tour of Amur basin

Way to the Ocean.Okhotsk - Manchurian Taiga

Da Hinggan - Dzhagdy forest ecoregion in Russia

Stanovoi Range: taiga and tundra

Ussury forests

Small Hinggan


Daurian steppe

Song-Nen plain

Khanka Lake and Upper Ussury Wetlands

Lower Amur Wetlands


GIS: Ecological network



Also look:

Protected areas in Amur-Heilong River basin:

Protected areas coverage in Amur River Basin

Protected areas types in Russia, Mongolia, China

Russian protected areas

Mongolian protected areas

China nature reserves

Protected areas planning

Cooperation between nature reserves


Econet-ecological networks:

WWF Vision for Amur-Heilong Conservation

Conservation along the border

Wetland conservation

Grassland conservation and migratory wildlife

Selected Amur-Heilong protected areass and proposed fields of cooperation (Table)

Major wetland regions of the Amur-Heilong River basin ( Table )

Ecological Network for Amur: The Amur-Heilong Green Belt Concept


Model areas for transboundary conservation:

Dauria international Protected Area-DIPA

Khanka –Ussury wetlands and forests

Small Hinggan Mountains-Three Gorges of Dragon River

Land of the Leopard


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