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Waters and water management

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Species diversity and use of biological resources

Nature conservation: econet and protected areas

Countries & cultures


Land use

International policy

Countries & Cultures
China Population
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The Amur-Heilong basin in China includes almost all of Heilongjiang Province and large parts of Jilin Province and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. In 1998, Heilongjiang had a population of nearly 38 million, the highest of the three provinces. This was followed by Jilin (26 million) and Inner Mongolia (23.5 million). The 2005 total population in the China portion of the Amur basin was at least 65-70 million, or 5-6 percent of China's population. During 2000-2004 the three provinces grew by 0.34 percent, which is significantly less than the national average of 0.9 percent. The average population growth rate of Heilongjiang is lowest at 0.26 percent.

Population density varies from 20 people/km2 in IMAR (with 44 percent urban dwellers), to 84 people/km2 in Heilongjiang (53 percent urban), to 141 people/km2 in Jilin (50 percent urban). The highest population density is on the Song-Nen plain, the lowest in the Greater Hinggan (Da Xing'anling) Mountains. Average population density in the China portion of the basin is approximately 90 people/km2. Half of China's basin population resides in rural areas.

Village street near Jiamusi. Photo by E.Simonov


Map collection: Countries & cultures



Amur on the globe

Political map of Amur Heilong River basin

Population of AHRB in 1990s


Photo: Countries & cultures





GIS: Population and administrative division


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Countries and provinces


Population density and demographic trends

Mongolia Population

Russia Population


Cultures and languages

Ethnic groups in Mongolia

Ethnic groups in China

Ethnic groups in Russia

Migration processes in Amur-Heilong


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