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Countries & Cultures
Ethnic composition in Mongolia
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Seventy percent of the residents of the Amur-Heilong River basin in Mongolia are Khalh Mongols, and the remainder belong to the Buriat, Barga, Dariganga, and Uzemchin ethnic groups. Buriats who account for 22% of population in Dornod aimag and also live in Khentii aimag that border Russia. Compared with other true nomadic ethnic groups, the Buriats adopted a settled way of life many years earlier and practiced intensified farming. In 1947, one thousand Barga people came from northeast of China and settled on the north side of the Kherlen River in Dornod aimag. In 1945, Uzemchins came from Shiliin Gol Aimag of Inner Mongolia and settled on the south side of the Kherlen River in Dornod aimag and Erdenetsagaan sum of Sukhbaatar aimag .

Darigangas, whose language is the same as Khalkh, comprise most of the 48 percent non-Khalkh population living in Suhbaatar aimag. These two groups are distinguishable only by slight differences in traditional dress.

Barga-Mongols from Inner Mongolia meet with their relatives in Dornod. Choibalsan. (Photo by E.Simonov) (author is present on the same picture)


Map collection: Countries & cultures



Amur on the globe

Political map of Amur Heilong River basin

Population of AHRB in 1990s


Photo: Countries & cultures





GIS: Population and administrative division


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Population density and demographic trends

Mongolia Population

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Ethnic groups in China

Ethnic groups in Russia

Migration processes in Amur-Heilong


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