AMUR-HEILONG RIVER BASIN

 

All chapters:

Introduction

Climate

Waters and water management

Ecosystems and ecoregions

Species diversity and use of biological resources

Nature conservation: econet and protected areas

Countries & cultures

Economy

Land use

International policy

Countries & Cultures
Ethnic composition in Mongolia
Related maps, pictures, links

Seventy percent of the residents of the Amur-Heilong River basin in Mongolia are Khalh Mongols, and the remainder belong to the Buriat, Barga, Dariganga, and Uzemchin ethnic groups. Buriats who account for 22% of population in Dornod aimag and also live in Khentii aimag that border Russia. Compared with other true nomadic ethnic groups, the Buriats adopted a settled way of life many years earlier and practiced intensified farming. In 1947, one thousand Barga people came from northeast of China and settled on the north side of the Kherlen River in Dornod aimag. In 1945, Uzemchins came from Shiliin Gol Aimag of Inner Mongolia and settled on the south side of the Kherlen River in Dornod aimag and Erdenetsagaan sum of Sukhbaatar aimag .

Darigangas, whose language is the same as Khalkh, comprise most of the 48 percent non-Khalkh population living in Suhbaatar aimag. These two groups are distinguishable only by slight differences in traditional dress.

Barga-Mongols from Inner Mongolia meet with their relatives in Dornod. Choibalsan. (Photo by E.Simonov) (author is present on the same picture)

 

Map collection: Countries & cultures

 

Maps:

Amur on the globe

Political map of Amur Heilong River basin

Population of AHRB in 1990s

 

Photo: Countries & cultures

Russia

Mongolia

China

 

GIS: Population and administrative division

 

Also look:

Countries and provinces

 

Population density and demographic trends

Mongolia Population

China Population

Russia Population

 

Cultures and languages

Ethnic groups in China

Ethnic groups in Russia

Migration processes in Amur-Heilong

 

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