AMUR-HEILONG RIVER BASIN

 

All chapters:

Introduction

Climate

Waters and water management

Ecosystems and ecoregions

Species diversity and use of biological resources

Nature conservation: econet and protected areas

Countries & cultures

Economy

Land use

International policy

Economy
Comparison table on southern RFE and Heilongjiang Province, China
Related maps, pictures, links

To emphasize the profound differences between economies of neighboring provinces in Russia and China we present data in from a recent monograph by Ganzei (2004). In summary, while natural resources are much more abundant in RFE, the intensity of use and production volumes are much higher in Heilongjiang.

Table: Socio-economic statistics for Heilongjiang Province (China) and averages of four Russian Far East provinces (Primorsky, Khabarovsky, Amurskaya and Evreiskaya Autonomy) in 2000 (after Ganzei 2004)

Item

Heilongjiang

RFE

Item

Heilongjiang

RFE

Population (millions)

36.9

4.9

Population density (person/km2 )

83.9

3.6

GDP billion USD

40.7

8.1

Per capita GDP USD

1,102

1,659

Road density (km/1000 km2 )

106.9

28.3

Electricity generation (kWH/person)

1.1

4.8

Wood productivity (100 m3 /km2 forest)

36

10

Wood production (m3 /person)

0.18

1.8

Tractors/1000 ha arable land

8.1

13.6

Protected areas (ha/person)

0.09

2.31

Mineral fertilizers (kg/ha)

130.3

20.1

Wastewater discharge (m3 per person)

293.4

2048

Organic fertilizers (kg/ha)

171.1

290.7

Meat production (kg/person)

42.0

14.1

Sawn wood production (m3 /ha forest)

0.016

0.005

Sawn wood production (m3 /person)

0.008

0.09

Crop productivity (100 kg/ha)

Harvest (kg/person)

wheat
rice
potato
soy-beans

16.2
81.4
20.7
15.7

9.7
18.6
110.2
9.2

grain
soy beans
potato
vegetables

500
120
20
350

60
50
230
80

Annual air pollution discharge: tons/km2

1.8

0.4

International trade volume $/person

2.2

357.5

 

Map collection: Environmental impacts of economic development

 

Maps:

GLOBIO human impact assesment

Human footprint and ecoregions of Amur

Human footprint and protected areas coverage

Threats to biodiversity in Southern Russian Far East

Industrial Development in Songhua River Basin (ADB 2005)

 

GIS: Human footprint

 

Web-site: Programs “Development of Russian Far East and Transbaikalia” “Development of East Siberia and the Far East” and their environmental implications: link to projects http://regionalistica.ru/project and atlas http://neweconomy.ru/en/index.htm

 

Also look:

Economic development:

Sustainable future of Amur-Heilong

Russia – status of economy

Northeast China - status of economy

Mongolia – status of economy

Russia-China cooperation

Mongolian Foreign Trade and Cooperation

Mongolian trade diagrams-2003

Comparison table on Eastern Mongolia and Xinganmeng China

Policy for Revitalizing Old industrial Bases in NE China

 

Cumulative impacts -how much is affected?

Human Impacts and Threats to Biodiversity

Threats to major ecosystems in the Russian Far East Ecoregion-table

 

"Strategic considerations on environmental issues of Revitalizing Old industrial Bases in NE China"

"Strategy Recommendations"

Our questions on "Strategy Recommendations"

Gloomy forecast of the future environmental impacts

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