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Policy for Revitalizing Old Industrial Bases of North East China
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Since late 2003 China has considered the revival of northeastern industries as its third most important long-term regional strategy, following the opening of the Southeast and the Western development policy. This policy is focused on but not limited to Liaoning, Heilongjiang, and Jilin provinces and will be implemented at least through 2010.

The old industrial bases should continue to develop those sectors that are well-adapted pillar industries, and strive to advance modern agriculture and consolidate a position as major grain producers and suppliers. The old industrial bases should continue to open their economies to other parts of the country and the world.

China issued 11 special decrees and regulations to support implementation of this new policy. These provide special rights and preferences to participating provinces in value-added tax deduction, social insurance, and other easements.

In terms of resources, the central government has announced that it will issue development bonds worth ¥60 billion ($7.5 billion), to finance the revitalization of 100 projects in the three provinces. However, this represents only a small proportion of the funding necessary to realize the strategy: significant funding sources must be found from elsewhere, and it is hoped these will include direct investment (local and foreign). International commentaries of the plan suggest that the strategies are most likely to succeed by emphasizing the role of direct investment and strengthening the growing economic cooperation with countries of North East Asia, notably Russia, the DPRK, the Republic of Korea, Japan and Mongolia.

General advantages of the northeast in implementing the new policy are seen in:

•  the close integration of research and new technology development centers into planning and implementing economic policies and projects;

•  good energy resource potential and prospects for expansion in thermal and hydropower both domestically and through imports from neighboring countries; and

•  the formation of corporations able to compete in international markets.


Revitalization in Jilin Province focuses on building five industrial parks, including automobile manufacturing, petrochemical, and high-technology. Private enterprises have been allowed to buy and own large industrial infrastructure and many administrative barriers inhibiting establishment of enterprises are being removed.

Heilongjiang Province set the establishment of six industrial bases as its target: equipment manufacturing, petrochemical and chemical industries, energy supply, agri-products processing, medicine, and forestry. To date Heilongjiang 's policy is most sophisticated and has been most successful in attracting investment from large trans-national corporations and other major investors. Siemens, IBM, Sony, and other global corporations participated in the official ceremony launching the new policy. In Heilongjiang Province , large projects such as diversification of the petrochemical industry, development of the Harbin-Daqing-Qiqiha'er industrial belt, and Sanjiang Plain agricultural development are also intrinsic parts of the "revitalization strategy." The "Harbin-Daqin-Qiqiha'er Industrial Belt", for example, is a strategy to expand Harbin industrial capacity to western parts of the province, using lands already unsuitable for agriculture.

Although Inner Mongolia has received less attention in the "Revitalization" policy framework, one priority development is already underway to strengthen and diversify the Manzhouli transport corridor to Russian Siberia and the processing industries located there.

To coordinate activities and lessen negative consequences of competition, city governments of Changchun, Harbin, Dalian, and Shenyang signed an agreement entitled "On Cooperative implementation of the Northeast Revitalization Policy." The agreement covers many cooperative undertakings, including environmental monitoring, science and technology, building a high-speed Harbin-Dalian railway and East-East railway connecting a Russian border crossing with East Port in Liaoning Province.

Map collection: Environmental impacts of economic development



GLOBIO human impact assesment

Human footprint and ecoregions of Amur

Human footprint and protected areas coverage

Threats to biodiversity in Southern Russian Far East

Industrial Development in Songhua River Basin (ADB 2005)


GIS: Human footprint


Web-site: Programs “Development of Russian Far East and Transbaikalia” “Development of East Siberia and the Far East” and their environmental implications: link to projects and atlas


Securing resource imports from adjacent countries is a priority for growing Northeast economy (Photo by D.Gibson)



Also look:

Economic development:

Sustainable future of Amur-Heilong

Russia – status of economy

Northeast China - status of economy

Mongolia – status of economy

Russia-China cooperation

Mongolian Foreign Trade and Cooperation

Mongolian trade diagrams-2003

Comparison table on Eastern Mongolia and Xinganmeng China

Comparison table on southern RFE and Heilongjiang Province, China


Cumulative impacts -how much is affected?

Human Impacts and Threats to Biodiversity

Threats to major ecosystems in the Russian Far East Ecoregion-table


"Strategic considerations on environmental issues of Revitalizing Old industrial Bases in NE China"

"Strategy Recommendations"

Our questions on "Strategy Recommendations"

Gloomy forecast of the future environmental impacts

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