AMUR-HEILONG RIVER BASIN

 

All chapters:

Introduction

Climate

Waters and water management

Ecosystems and ecoregions

Species diversity and use of biological resources

Nature conservation: econet and protected areas

Countries & cultures

Economy

Land use

International policy

Economy
Human Impacts on Forests in Russia
Related maps, pictures, links

Table. Major human-induced impacts on forest ecosystems of RFE (data from Sheingauz 2005)

Province

Forested land (million hectares)

Industrial logging / Clearcutting and patch logging/ annual average

1991-2000
(ha)

Industrial logging cumulative

1946-2002 (‘000 ha)

Forest fires annual average

1991-2000 (‘000 ha)

Forest fires cumulative

1946-2002 (‘000 ha)

"Intermediate logging" / Selective and improvement logging / annual average

1991-2000 (‘000 ha)

All major impacts (forest plantations included) annual average

1991-2000 (‘000 ha)

All major impacts( forest plantations included) average annual

1991-2000 (percent forest area)

All major impacts (forest plantations included) cumulative

1946-2002 (‘000 ha)

All major impacts (forest plantations included) cumulative

1946-2002 (percent forest area)

Primorsky

11.5

23,400

2,530,000

17,900

481,000

37,500

82,800

0.7

3,353,000

29

Khabarovsky

57.8

69,800

4,372,000

23,5000

8,629,000

39,700

357,000

0.6

13,455,000

23

Amursky

25.5

11,400

2,414,000

63,700

2,666,000

13,300

91,400

0.4

5,312,000

21

Evreiskaya

1.6

1,000

244,000

2,700

480,000

3,700

8,200

0.5

816,000

50

RFE total (10 provinces)

353

12,0000

15,384,000

501,500

17,178,000

123,600

769,500

0.2

34,135,000

10

South RFE total (4 provinces)

110.8

10,5600

9,560,000

319,300

12,256,000

94,200

539,400

22,936,000

20.7

South RFE percent forest area (calculated from above)

0.1

8.6

0.3

11.0

0.08

0.5

20.7

 

For RFE forest ecosystems A.S. Sheingauz recently applied another assessment methodology based on rates of regeneration of disturbed forest measured over forest life cycles, that is, through silvicultural and biological forest parameters. Application of this alternate approach to 2003 state forest assessment data showed percent disturbance as 60 percent in Evreiskaya Autonomous Region, 46 percent in Amurskaya Oblast, 43 percent in Primorsky Krai, and 40 percent in Khabarovsky Krai. Methodology and result differs from other metrics that use artificial or subjective indicators (such as human-calculated logging and fire statistics) .

Logging in Ussuri forest (Photo by V.Filonov)

 

Map collection: Environmental impacts of economic development

 

Maps:

GLOBIO human impact assesment

Human footprint and ecoregions of Amur

Human footprint and protected areas coverage

Threats to biodiversity in Southern Russian Far East

Industrial Development in Songhua River Basin (ADB 2005)

 

GIS: Human footprint

 

Web-site: Programs “Development of Russian Far East and Transbaikalia” “Development of East Siberia and the Far East” and their environmental implications: link to projects http://regionalistica.ru/project and atlas http://neweconomy.ru/en/index.htm

 

 

Also look:

Economic development:

Sustainable future of Amur-Heilong

Russia – status of economy

Northeast China - status of economy

Mongolia – status of economy

Russia-China cooperation

Mongolian Foreign Trade and Cooperation

Mongolian trade diagrams-2003

Comparison table on Eastern Mongolia and Xinganmeng China

Comparison table on southern RFE and Heilongjiang Province, China

Policy for Revitalizing Old industrial Bases in NE China

 

Cumulative impacts -how much is affected?

Human Impacts and Threats to Biodiversity

Threats to major ecosystems in the Russian Far East Ecoregion-table

 

"Strategic considerations on environmental issues of Revitalizing Old industrial Bases in NE China"

"Strategy Recommendations".

Our questions on "Strategy Recommendations"

Gloomy forecast of the future environmental impacts

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