AMUR-HEILONG RIVER BASIN

 

All chapters:

Introduction

Climate

Waters and water management

Ecosystems and ecoregions

Species diversity and use of biological resources

Nature conservation: econet and protected areas

Countries & cultures

Economy

Land use

International policy

Land use
Environmental impacts of agriculture
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The China portion of the Amur-Heilong basin has endured much more agricultural development than in Russia or Mongolia , particularly in the Songhua River basin . However in most developed agricultural areas in Russia , such as the Zeya-Bureya Plains and Khanka Lowlands, environmental consequences are already very similar to those in China, despite the much lower population density.

 

Modern agricultural development in the Amur-Heilong basin had several environmental consequences:

•  destruction of natural ecosystems and land conversion into monocultures;

•  alteration of hydrologic regimes of wetlands and water bodies, and withdrawal of water from surrounding natural habitats;

•  fragmentation of natural habitat and disruption of migration routes;

•  water pollution , soil erosion and change in sedimentation patterns;

•  sustained and frequent wildfires that damage wildlife, alter water regimes, and prevent the reestablishment of forests.

Wind erosion follows improper allocation of cropland. Keerqin. Jilin. (Photo by E.Simonov)

Photo:

 

Also look:

Land-use trends:

General trends in land-use

Recent changes in land-use in three countries

 

Agriculture:

Amur Agriculture

Agricultural development in Northeast China

Agricultural development in Eastern Mongolia

Russian agriculture

Russian agricultural land and production in RFE-tables

Northeast Asia cooperation in agriculture

Land degradation and desertification

Conversion of wildlands to farmland

 

Forestry:

Timber harvest in the Russian Far East

Salmon vs forestry

Major human-induced impacts on forest ecosystems of RFE (table)

Timber trade

 

Other land-use issues:

Fire

Nature tourism in the Amur/Heilong River Basin

Transport infrastructure impacts

Oil & gas Basin

Oil & gas impacts

Russian mining

Mongolian mining

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