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Waters and water management

Ecosystems and ecoregions

Species diversity and use of biological resources

Nature conservation: econet and protected areas

Countries & cultures


Land use

International policy

International policy
International Biodiversity Conservation Treaties to which China, Russia and Mongolia have already subscribed
Related maps, pictures, links
  • The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) bans or restricts trade in listed wild animals and plants. Species listed under CITES Appendix I may not be traded under any circumstances. Species listed under Appendix II may be traded only under authority of permits issued by government (see Annex, Appendix 8 for details).
  • The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat ("Ramsar Convention"), and the Wise Use Guidelines of the Ramsar Convention require preparation of detailed management plans for each of the listed wetlands. The Wise Use Guidelines of the Ramsar convention oblige to practice wise use of wetlands as defined in publications of the Ramsar Convention authority. The Convention requires parties to conserve and make wise use of wetland areas, particularly those supporting waterfowl populations (Article 3.1). "Wise use" of wetlands is defined as "their sustainable utilization for the benefit of mankind in a way compatible with the maintenance of the natural properties of the ecosystem". The primary concern of the Convention is the welfare of wetlands and the waterfowl dependent on them. Article 1 of the Convention defines wetlands as 'areas of marsh, fen, peatland or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six meters'. All river, stream, pond, marsh, sandflat and mudflat habitats upstream of, within and downstream of the study area, whether natural or artificial, qualify as wetlands under this definition.
  • The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) resulted from the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The Convention called for drafting of a national biodiversity conservation strategy. China's Biodiversity Conservation Action Plan (BCAP) was promulgated on 13 June 1994.
  • The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage Sites (World Heritage Convention) obliges China to conserve natural resources at listed sites.
  • The UN Convention to Combat Desertification obliged parties to prepare a National Action Plan for Implementation of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, which was completed January 1995.


Besides these major conventions there are many multilateral and bilateral treaties and action plans on biodiversity issues relaed to Amur-Heilong River Basin (see examples)

Between three countries of the basin many bilateral environmetal agreements were signed in last 20 years. (see China-Russia, Mongolia - Russia, Mongolia-China)

Map: Overlapping GEF projects in Amur-Heilong River basin (PPT SLIDE)


Photo: International cooperation


Cranes and tractors in Muravievka Wildlife Refuge - Ramsar site on Zeya-Bureya plain in Russia (Photo by Y.Darman)

Also look:

Need for a Cooperation Framework

Russia-China agreements on environmental protection and natural resources(table)

China-Mongolia environmental agreements

Mongolia-Russia cooperation

Ramsar convention in Amur Basin

Examples of bilateral and regional conventions and action plans

GEF in Amur Basin


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