AMUR-HEILONG RIVER BASIN

 

All chapters:

Introduction

Climate

Waters and water management

Ecosystems and ecoregions

Species diversity and use of biological resources

Nature conservation: econet and protected areas

Countries & cultures

Economy

Land use

International policy

Text index

Introduction

Climate

Amur waters and water management

Ecosystems and ecoregions

Species diversity and use of biological resources

Nature conservation: protected areas and ecological network

Countries & cultures

Economic development and its impacts

Land use

International policy

Amur-Heilong Natural Heritage (GIS project attachments)

 

Introduction

Introduction

Invitation

Guidance from compiler.

Amur-Heilong River Basin at a glance.

Table on Amur comparison with other basins

Natural and Cultural Heritage of Amur.

Acknowledgements

Guide to environmental information sources

Useful links on Amur-HeilongRiver Basin issues

Amur-Heilong River Basin Reader link to full PDF and References

Glossary

Abbreviations

 

Climate

Amur climate

Precipitation in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Temperature in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Climate fluctuations, floods and droughts in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Cranes and storks and climate change in Middle Amur

Great Bustard and White-naped Crane response to climate cycles in Dauria

Global climate change predictions and signs in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Ecosystem response to climate change in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Socio-economic response to climate change in Amur-Heilong River Basin

 

Amur waters and water management

Waters:

Amur waters

Western rivers of headwaters of Amur-Heilong River Basin

Eastern tributaries in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Lakes and reservoirs of Amur-Heilong River Basin

Lakes of Western Amur-Heilong River Basin

Lakes of Eastern Amur-Heilong River Basin

 

Water management:

River between –environmental perspective on Amur water management

Water infrastructure in the Amur-Heilong River Basin

Dam development in Russia

Water management and dams in China

Water Transfers in China

Water transfers and wells in Mongolia

Development of dykes

Case Study on international planning: "Joint Comprehensive Scheme on Amur and Argun Rivers”

Is there enough water?

WCD lessons for Amur

Water pollution conundrum

 

Ecosystems and ecoregions

Landscape diversity in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Landscape changes throughout recent geological history

Amur-Heilong River Basin Ecoregional zoning

Global 200 ecoregions in Amur-Heilong River Basin

 

Boreal forests of Amur-Heilong River Basin:

East Siberian taiga

Trans-Baikal coniferous forests

Da Xing'an-Dzhagdy Mountains coniferous forests

Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga

 

Alpine ecosystems:

Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain Tundra

 

Tiger forests - Temperate forests:

Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests

Manchurian mixed forests

Northeast China Plain deciduous forests

Changbai Mountains mixed forests

 

Global 200 Dauria Steppe:

Daurian forest steppe

Mongolian-Manchurian grassland

Nen River grassland

 

Global 200 Amur Wetlands:

Amur meadow steppe

Suifen-Khanka meadows and forest meadows

Wetlands of Lower Amur Mountain Valley Ecoregion

 

Species diversity and use of biological resources

Species richness in Amur-Heilong River Basin

 

Fish:

Amur Fish diversity

Kaluga sturgeon

Salmonid diversity

 

Amphibians and reptiles:

Chinese soft-shelled turtle

 

Birds:

Bird migrations

Red-crowned crane

White-naped crane

Oriental White Stork,

Siberian Spruce Grouse

Swan Goose

Cranes and storks and climate change in Middle Amur

Great Bustard and White-naped Crane response to climate cycles in Dauria

 

Mammals:

Large mammals and their migrations

Big cats of Amur-Heilong River Basin

Mongolian gazelle

Goral

 

Plants:

Plants of life

Korean pine

Asian ginseng,

Lotus.

 

Hunting and harvest:

Exploitation of wild fauna and flora in Amur-Heilong River Basin

Hunting in Russian Far East

Mongolian hunting case study

The harvest of biological resources in China

Trade in flora and fauna in Russian Far East

 

Fisheries:

History and reasons for the collapse of Amur fisheries

Russian fisheries

China fisheries

Sino-Mongolian fisheries on Lake Buir

Total catch in Russia (table)

Amur-Ussury Fishing rules

Fish vs Pollution

Salmon vs forestry

 

Nature conservation: protected areas and ecological network

Protected areas in Amur basin

Protected areas coverage in Amur River Basin

Protected areas types in Russia, Mongolia, China

Russian protected areas

Mongolian protected areas

China nature reserves

Protected areas planning

Cooperation between nature reserves

 

Econet-ecological networks:

WWF Vision for Amur-Heilong Conservation

Conservation along the border

Wetland conservation

Grassland conservation and migratory wildlife

Selected Amur-Heilong protected areass and proposed fields of cooperation (Table)

Major wetland regions of the Amur-Heilong River basin (Table)

Ecological Network for Amur: The Amur-Heilong Green Belt Concept

 

Model areas for transboundary conservation:

Dauria international Protected Area-DIPA

Middle Amur – Sanjiang wetlands

Khanka – Ussury wetlands and forests

Small Hinggan Mountains-Three Gorges of Dragon River

Land of the Leopard

 

Countries & cultures

Countries and provinces

 

Population density and demographic trends

Mongolia Population

China Population

Russia Population

 

Cultures and languages

Ethnic groups in Mongolia

Ethnic groups in China

Ethnic groups in Russia

Migration processes in Amur-Heilong

 

Economic development and its impacts

Economic development: Sustainable future of Amur-Heilong

Russia – status of economy

Northeast China - status of economy

Mongolia – status of economy

Russia-China cooperation

Mongolian Foreign Trade and Cooperation

Mongolian trade diagrams-2003

Comparison table on Eastern Mongolia and Xinganmeng China

Comparison table on southern RFE and Heilongjiang Province, China

Policy for Revitalizing Old industrial Bases in NE China

 

Cumulative impacts -how much is affected?

Human Impacts and Threats to Biodiversity

Threats to major ecosystems in the Russian Far East Ecoregion-table

 

"Strategic considerations on environmental issues of Revitalizing Old industrial Bases in NE China"

"Strategy Recommendations"

Our questions on "Strategy Recommendations"

 

Gloomy forecast of the future environmental impacts

 

Land use

Land-use trends:

General trends in land-use

Recent changes in land-use in three countries

 

Agriculture:

Amur Agriculture

Agricultural development in Northeast China

Agricultural development in Eastern Mongolia

Russian agriculture

Russian agricultural land and production in RFE-tables

Northeast Asia cooperation in agriculture

Environmental impacts of argiculture

Land degradation and desertification

Conversion of wildlands to farmland

 

Other land-use issues:

Fire

Nature tourism in the Amur/Heilong River Basin

Transport infrastructure impacts

Oil&gas Basin

Oil&gas impacts

Russian mining

Mongolian mining

 

International policy

International agreements and conservation policy - Need for a Cooperation Framework

 

Russia-China agreements on environmental protection and natural resources(table)

China-Mongolia environmental agreements

Mongolia-Russia cooperation

Ramsar convention in Amur Basin

Participation in biodiversity conventions

Examples of bilateral and regional conventions and action plans

GEF in Amur Basin.

 

Amur-Heilong Natural Heritage (GIS project attachments)

Natural and Cultural Heritage of Amur:

Daurian steppe

Boreal taiga forests

Wetlands of Dauria

Song - nen plain wetlands

Stanovoy range alpine tundra

Amur river mouth

Sikhote-alin mountain range

Khanka and Ussury wetlands

Changbaishan volcano

Land of the leopard

Hinggan gorges

Sanjiang-middle Amur wetlands

Full contents
Full digest
Full atlas
All pictures
GIS